Irregular anxiety is associated with life and it’s common. But the individual suffering from several types of anxiety disorders. Several anxiety disorders have more intense, frequent, persistent, and excessive fear and worry about everything. They might face a sudden sense of intense terror or fear and anxiety. That anxiety takes almost no time to reach the peak and the individual gets a panic attack.
These panic and anxiety interrupt the everyday schedule. These symptoms generally become uncontrollable and last for long. These attack might start in childhood and persists up to adulthood.
There are different types of anxiety disorders, such as social anxiety, normal anxiety disorder, anxiety disorder due to separation, and specific phobia. A few of the anxiety disorders trigger different medical conditions. Anxiety disorders need to be treated on a priority basis.
Table of Contents
Symptoms of anxiety disorders
- Feeling tense, nervous or restless
- Increase in the heart rate
- Feel of doom, danger or panic
- Hyperventilation (breathing rapidly)
- Tired of feeling weak
- Interrupted sleep
- Hard to concentrate and think or make decision
- Uncontrollable worrying
- Develop gastrointestinal complications
- The tendency to escape from the situation triggering anxiety
10 Types of anxiety disorders
1. Generalized anxiety disorder:
This includes excessive worry and anxiety about different events and activities. Here the worry is bigger and more intense than the actual situations. This worry is uncontrollable to feel and deal with. This hurts physical health also. This often triggers depression or anxiety disorders.
Here the victim always feels to be trapped, embarrassed, or helpless. They always try to ignore the situations causing anxiety or panic. In such anxiety, people commonly face the fear of higher intensity.
3. Panic disorder:
It involves repeated happening of severe fear, anxiety, or terror. These episodes come suddenly in life. It takes a few minutes to reach the peak of the symptoms and causes a panic attack.
Here the victims face short breathing complications, heart palpitation, chest pain, and impending doom. They feel that accidents might occur again. They are also suffering from severe uncertainty about life.
4. Anxiety disorders caused by medical complications:
This includes severe panic or anxiety triggered directly from the critical medical conditions.
5. Anxiety disorder due to separation:
Anxiety disorders happen mostly in childhood. Children often face the loss or separation of parents. That creates such anxiety disorder.
6. Selective mutism:
Sometimes a few children can’t speak in front of the crowd, strangers, or public forum. While they can speak or explain very well in front of familiar groups or situations. This harms the social position. School activities and social communication of a child.
7. Specific phobias:
This triggers severe and chronic anxiety when an individual faces a specific situation or object or person, while they generally want to avoid such specific situations. These phobias trigger panic attacks.
8. Social phobia:
It involves severe fear and anxiety. Victims of such disorders often avoid social situations to ignore social embarrassment, self-concern, and self-consciousness. They always have a feeling to be judged negatively by the others.
9. Anxiety disorder (unspecified):
This disorder does not follow specific symptoms. So they can’t be classified under any of the types of anxiety disorders. But they are enough intense to create discomfort or distress.
10. Anxiety disorder induced by substance:
The major characteristic of this disorder is intense fear or anxiety. This is caused by withdrawal from medication, taking medicines, misuse of drugs, or exposure to toxic substances.
Effects of different types of anxiety disorders on our quality of lives
Anxiety is unavoidable in daily life. This can be triggered by anything from the daily schedule. The simpler form of anxiety causes increased heart and breathing rates.
When the anxiety becomes intense shows different symptoms like nervousness and light-headache. The persistent and intensive anxiety harm mental and physical health.
Stressful life incidents might increase anxiety disorder risk. That triggers different physical losses such as,
1. Cardiovascular system:
Anxiety disorder initiates chest pain, palpitation, and increased heart rate. Persons with anxiety disorders are always at higher risks of cardiac and blood pressure-related complications.
If you are a heart patient and also suffering from anxiety disorders, you need to become careful as coronary event risks increase along with anxiety disorders.
2. The Central nervous system (CNS):
long term panic attack and anxiety influence the brain to secrete the stress hormones regularly. This initiates the frequency of dizziness, depression, and headache.
When an individual gets tensed anxious or depressed, the brain releases a huge amount of chemicals and hormones into the nervous system. That regulates and responds to the perceived threat. Cortisol and adrenalin are the 2 examples of such hormones.
This secretion is effective for short term stress or anxiety control. Continuous secretion of such hormones hurts physical health later. For example, long term cortisol secretion triggers unwanted weight gain.
3. Immune system:
Anxiety involves a continuous flow of hormones and chemicals within the nervous system. As the breathing and heart rate increase in the short span anxiety disorders, it promotes the flow of oxygen supply within our bodies.
This regulates the body response according to different incidents. Thus, the functionalities of the immune system gear up a little. After the stress is over, the body gets back to the normal situation.
If the anxiety disorder stays for long, the body cannot get back to the normal state. This might lower the immune capacity and response of the body. That will make you susceptible to frequent illnesses and infections. Even the vaccines will not function if you are suffering from anxiety.
4. Digestive and excretory system:
A victim of anxiety disorder might face nausea, diarrhea, stomach-aches, and other gastric complication. The victim might also suffer from a low appetite.
The IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome) might interlink with the anxiety disorder. IBS involves vomiting, constipation, or diarrhea.
5. Respiratory system:
Anxiety influences shallow and rapid breathing. If you are suffering from COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), the anxiety might more complicate the situation. Anxiety also worsens the asthma situation.
A healthy relationship is an important key to happiness. The anxiety restricts you to adapt new things, reduces the willingness to do anything to make a relationship better. This also restricts you to make new friendships and join the social gathering.
Anxiety will increase the social rejection risk of yours. The level of anxiety increases along with the loneliness. People with anxiety disorder lose their temper easily and thus their nerves become uncontrollable. That hurts your beloved people and impacts the relationship adversely.
Anxiety disorder lowers the living quality. Because the victim usually suffers from unnecessary tension and fear. That limits the risk-taking capacity, and adapt new things or habits.
The anxious people often found themselves captive though they are not. These feelings stop them to accept progressive opportunities in life.
That limits the income and progress in life in significant ways. This will also stop you to explore your inner potential.
It is found that the victims of anxiety disorder often select alcohol a temporary relief. Benzodiazepines are a commonly prescribed medicine for anxiety disorder.
But this medicine is excessively addictive in nature. If a person takes this medicine regularly at least for 2 weeks, the patient becomes entirely dependent on it.
9. Other effects:
This also triggers different other complications. Such as,
This might trigger flashbacks of traumatic experiences. The victim might become startled and angry easily. Other symptoms involve sadness and nightmares. Emotional withdrawal is another significant symptom of anxiety disorder.
Anxiety disorder damages the life quality, health, and relationships. This complication can easily be treated. The most effective form of treatment for anxiety disorder is CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy).
Most of the types of anxiety disorders victims can lead to happier and healthier lives if they get effective and appropriate treatment. During and after the treatment, the person can easily control the emotions and anxiety. They need proper monitoring during the treatment.