Persistent Depressive Disorder Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

What is Persistent Depressive Disorder

Persistent Depressive Disorder is also known as dysthymia. This is a type of depression which is chronic and persistent. The common and primitive symptoms are a low level of self-esteem, low interest in regular activities, low performance and a strong feeling of hopelessness.

These signs persist for years together and impact the relationship status, performance level, job, and activities in schools.

The effect of this depression is not as severe as the major severe. The intensity of this depression could be low, moderate and medium. This depression will make your personality gloomy, complaining and boring.

The chronic symptoms of such depression could be treated with a combination of treatments, such as medication and psychotherapy. The symptoms are quite challenging to cope with.

Causes of persistent depressive disorder – 

The actual causes of this disorder are still unknown. The followings could be the causes of this disorder,

  • This disorder can be transported from generation to generation. Genes could be the carriers of such disorders.
  • Biological differences could also be the cause of the persistent depressive disorder.
  • A few incidents can trigger this disorder. Financial losses, stress, and loss of the near ones are the identified causes of persistent depressive disorder.
  • The malfunction of neurotransmitters often causes a chemical imbalance within our brains. This could be another cause of such disorder.

Symptoms of persistent depressive disorder – 

The symptoms of persistent depressive disorder can roam around throughout the year. The intensity of the symptoms could change in this phase.

The symptoms can not stay in disguise for more than a month. The patients of major depression often face symptoms of PDD. This period is identified as double depression.

The symptoms are stated below,

  • Hypersomnia or insomnia
  • low level of self-esteem
  • Hard to reach and stick to a decision
  • Facing problems in thinking
  • low concentration level
  • Excessive or low appetite
  • Feel of worthlessness and hopelessness
  • Social isolation
  • Self-criticism
  • Feeling incapable

The children face additional symptoms like irritability and depressed mood.

The risk factors OF PDD – 

The symptoms of PDD originate from early ages like childhood, teenage and early adulthood. The symptoms are chronic. The risk factors are explained below,

Complications of PDD – 

The complications are stated below,

Prevention and treatment of persistent depressive disorder – 

This state can only be treated but can not be cured. The following tricks could be applied to limit the symptoms,

  • First, you need to control the stress level. You need to inject motivation, positivity, and self-esteem to the victim. This will help to reduce the stress level and boost the confidence level.
  • You need to be surrounded by supportive friends and family. This will help to reduce the feeling of isolation.
  • You need to visit a psychotherapist for controlling the symptoms.
  • You need to continue the treatment on a long-term basis.

These symptoms are generally treated with a combination of medicines and psychotherapy.

If the symptoms of PDD are persistent, you need to communicate with the physician. Else, you can visit the mental health professional.

If you feel like to commit suicide or the patient is attempting to suicide in presence of you, need to dial the helpline for support. The symptoms should not be neglected.

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