Manic depression is now popular as bipolar disorder. This is a type of mood disorder or major affective disorder. The major manic depression symptoms are sleeplessness, psychosis, paranoid rage, delusions, hallucinations, and grandiose.
Manic disorders are often characterized by hypomanic episodes. In such cases, the energy level of the persons is extremely high. This is a critical mental state of the patient. In this phase, the depression episodes are significantly devastating.
Manic depression or bipolar depression is a combination of non-genetic and genetic factors. The impairment of mood fluctuations and energy level imbalance are the major characteristics of manic depression.
The mood fluctuations can range from low to high. This fluctuation can be sudden or with time. Rapid cycling is an important phase of manic depression.
In such phases, the mood fluctuation is rapid and frequent. This symptom is almost similar to the symptom of borderline personality disorder.
The people with bipolar disorder experience perception distortion, social functioning impairment, and disturbed thinking.
The causes of manic depression –
The causes of manic depression are not clear at all. The genetic factors are one of the causes of manic depression. This directly causes dysfunctions of the brain. Manic depression sometimes becomes heredity. People are suffering from the symptoms of manic depression from generation to generation with no reason.
when does manic depression start?
The symptoms start appearing between the ages of fifteen to twenty-four.
These symptoms accompany the person until the last breath.
Children and the aged people rarely become victims of bipolar disorders. Though the rate is low, they are also not any exceptions.
The people with acute symptoms, often can’t balance daily schedule and activities. The severity of the symptoms regulates the capacity to perform daily activities. They deviate from regular lives.
No one should ignore the symptoms of manic depression. These symptoms may reoccur as they are incurable. If the situations become out of control, follow the direction of the physician.
Manic Depression Symptoms –
The manic depression symptoms are –
♦ Difficulties in decision making, thinking and remembering
♦ Change in appetite and body weight.
♦ A strong feeling of helplessness, worthlessness, and guilt.
♦ Change in energy level and increased fatigue.
♦ Physical symptoms like body aches, digestive disorder and constipation, and chronic pain.
♦ Suicidal tendency and attempts.
♦ Empty moods, sad and anxious.
♦ Irritation and restlessness.
♦ Low level of interest and pleasure in favorite activities.
Signs of Manic Depression –
The significant signs are –
⇒ Grandiose belief.
⇒ Increased sexual desire but low pleasure.
⇒ Inefficient social behavior.
⇒ Increased irritation.
⇒ Excessive increase in energy.
⇒ Increased volume and speed while talking.
⇒ Interrupted and poor quality sleep or insomnia.
⇒ The poor skill of judgment.
Manic Depression Test & Diagnosis –
Doctors may prescribe a few medical tests under whether the symptoms are physical or psychological.
The doctors will ask a set of structured questionnaires to know the severity, causes and family history. Based on the screening, the doctors will start medication and therapy as required.
Along with the medication and therapy, support from a peer group and a change in lifestyle will help in speedy recovery.
Manic Depressive Disorder Treatment –
Lithium is a mood stabilizer and used widely in manic depression. To stabilize the mood benzodiazepines, anticonvulsants, and antipsychotics are used as a cure.
Antidepressants for Manic Depression –
Antidepressants can increase disposition cycling. Many experts think that over the measure, antidepressant use in the manic depressive disorder has a spirit destabilizing effect. It lengthening the frequency of manic and depressive episodes.
The usefulness of unwritten antidepressants to treat manic depression is pondered experimentally. This medication has not been proved competent for discourse manic depression.
None is FDA ratify for that indication. There is no inquiry to show that they have any more benefit than taking a mood stabilizer (such as lithium or Depakote) alone.
Antidepressants are also used both for mood stabilizer and mood enhancer. Psychotherapies are also beneficial for manic depression.
Manic depression is nor curable. It is considered an inveterate illness, like diabetes, and must be carefully managed and treated throughout your person.
Treatment, by and large, includes both dosage and therapies, such as cognitive-behavioral therapeutics are essentially required to live a normal life.
Related Article –
Persistent Depressive Disorder Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
Major Depressive Disorder Symptoms, Cause & Treatment Guidelines
Why You Should Be More Concern About Bipolar Disorder? – Check The Warning Sign